Digital photography is a form of photography that came into the picture to replace photographic films when capturing images. In digital photography, the camera is made of electronic photo detectors that capture images through the eyes of a lens. When digital photography is used instead of the previous photographic film camera, the resulting image is stored as a digital file. Making it easier to undergo further digital processing, publishing or printing.
The internet gave rise to our need for digital photos which gave technological advancements a reason to look into digital cameras for mobile phones. Around 2007, this new market sphere gave rise to digital cameras being made available on cell phones. Although the resolution of the digital photos wouldn’t be compared to that produced through the photographic film, digital photography offers instant access to pictures that can be displayed on the World Wide Web.
After being introduced to cell phone cameras, digital photography became widespread due to the immediate solution it provides to our social media experience. Today we have too many smartphones with advanced digital camera resolutions and great connectivity to social media websites, emails and cloud storage options.
Asides the smartphone digital camera evolution, the first set of digital cameras hit the market in the late 1990s. Since this first sale, digital photography has expanded opportunities for better pictures. Professional photographers can now capture images in lower light conditions with higher chances of instantly seeing the resulting images for quality results.
Asides improving our social media lives with memories of pictures taken at the moment, digital cameras have seen a reasonable expansion into monitoring devices. Today we have different types of digital nanny cam that captures moments and makes footages of their installed environment. Typically used for monitoring nannies in a home, there’s also digital nanny cam with audio features that connects straight to the internet and provides us a means of security footage for our home.
Common Terms With Digital Photography
The power of the digital camera makes it easy for its users to harness a lot of features that weren’t originally available with film photography. The first step towards creating astounding memories and documentaries with digital photography is to understand the basic features and use of a digital camera which opens up many avenues for photographers.
When you understand the terms listed below, you can begin your journey towards making extremely high-quality videos and crystal-clear photos.
Handling exposure requires a bit of experience and is achieved through a lot of practice. The exposure triangle lies around the ISO, Aperture and Shutter speed. Mastering the art of changing each element and juggling between their settings will determine the final exposure of the image.
Knowing more about exposure means you understand that each individual item in the exposure triangle has other effects on the depth of field, the graininess of an image and motion of capture. Digital cameras offer a testing bed to learn more about exposure without affecting the original image and this increases the learning curve in digital photography.
ISO is a part of the exposure triangle and also one of the key features to allow you exert control over your digital camera and the outcome of your shoot. ISO determines how sensitive the image sensor of your camera is which also affects how grainy your image appears. Its principles require that the lower the ISO number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain.
Higher ISO numbers mean the camera sensor becomes more sensitive to light and can capture images in low light conditions. When this becomes the case, the resulting images become grainier which might not be a pleasing result if the surrounding is exposed to bright light situations.
Shutter speed is the fraction of a second with which the image sensor is opened to see the scene being captured. Shutter speed has a resulting effect on the brightness of your photo, and determining if the images come of crystal clear or blurry. The length of time in most cases is a shutter speed of 1/60th of a second or faster.
This preferred fraction is because anything slower will result to a camera shake while the shutter is open and will result to blurry images. Adjusting your camera’s shutter speed requires you adjust your aperture and ISO to match the setting as higher fractions of shutter speed will allow you work in low-light conditions.
Aperture is the size of the camera’s opening in the lens that allows the image sensor to see the scene of capture. The aperture settings allow you to determine how big or small the camera lens opens up when the shutter button is released.
The aperture is measured in f/number scale (f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/22, etc.) and as the aperture widens, the f/number gets lower and allows more light to pass into the camera. This means the lower the f/number scale, the bigger the aperture which makes it great for low light shoots but reduces the depth of field of the resulting image.
These basic terms of digital photography are primarily the number of settings needed to be worked on if you want to take your photography skills from beginner to professional level. Remember that each setting affects the other members of the exposure triangle i.e. while the aperture f/number goes smaller to allow for more light into the camera lens, any increase in the shutter speed means a reduction in the aperture scale. Same consideration should be used when experimenting with the ISO too, to balance the exposure triangle.
5 Secrets To Professional Digital Photography
Getting your digital images to come off perfectly sharp is the dream of anyone with a digital camera in hand and what most photographers want out of their shoot. To be able to achieve clean, not blurry images can be difficult if you don’t know the background rules towards achieving it.
Before looking to be sole member of the professional digital photographers, you should look at avoiding some basic shooting flaws like having little to no focus on your camera during a shoot. You also want to check that your subject avoids moving unannounced so you don’t get a camera shake that’ll produce a blurry image.
The tips below will then set you on the part to developing pictures with a thousand words and stories associated with them.
Allows you determine and give context to the resulting captured image. It requires that you use the rule of thirds to expatiate on where your subject should be located in a shoot and how the surrounding elements elevate the perfection of a subject.
Adhering to the many easy rules of composition allows you take eye-catching pictures that are pleasing to the eyes.
Minimize the rhetoric photo shoot result with your subject. Build ideas into your perspective pattern and create something different for each theme you try to create. Perspective will help your work stand out from the millions of photography movements we have experienced in the digital world.
Engage yourself in other perspective postures by crouching or elevating your position to help you build a visual language of the image.
Use The Right Exposure
The ISO, shutter speed and aperture have rules that guide their perfection like an increase in one of the exposure triangles implies a decrease in one or both remaining settings. In this case, using auto mode doesn’t exactly give your photos the best look you were gunning for.
You need to understand the relationship between each setting in the exposure triangle to get the desired results for your shoot.
Experiment on different subjects, themes, settings, exposure techniques and any ideas you come across during a shoot or editing session. The experimental stage is the only option with which to expand your experience and skills with digital photography.
There are stipulated rules on how to get into the digital photography world, when you become familiar with them you can easily break them to an extent to create your own successful tips and tricks of digital photography.
Invest In Knowledge
Knowing your way around your camera and shooting settings doesn’t mean the knowledge stops with you. Expand your creativity by investing some time and resources into the works of other digital photographers to help you know more about how to take amazing photos using different camera equipment. Invest in quality photography books and keep staying inspired while you improve on subtle changes to different shooting situations for both outdoor and pre-programmed shooting scenes.
There is so much power in photography. There are also local and international communities that you would want to engage with to give you the right channels to publish your photos for the rest of the world to see. The digital camera sensor technology is still improving and advancing for future trends and image quality seems to be the driving force.
So far, we have experienced cheap cameras producing better images than what the most expensive cameras offer. This means the biggest digital camera invention has to do with the art associated to the shoot rather than the equipment used in capturing the moment.